The Future of Farming
Farming is one of humankind’s oldest professions, but in recent years it has started undergoing a high-tech transformation. As countries around the world face labor shortages and climate change, many farmers are turning to AI and robots to help plant, nurture, and harvest crops. This technology promises to make agriculture more efficient, productive, and sustainable.
The Rise of AI Farming
In Japan, AI and robotics are quickly being adopted on farms and in greenhouses. The Takamiya No Aisai farm recently started leasing a robot developed by startup Agrist to harvest its cucumber crop. The robot uses cameras and AI to identify ripe cucumbers and gently pick them without damaging the stems. This allows the farm to offset its labor shortage while ensuring a steady crop output.
The benefits don’t end there. AI farming startups like Inaho have developed cherry tomato harvesting robots for use in the Netherlands. These bots analyze images to identify ripe tomatoes and then carefully pluck them from vines overnight, allowing human workers to focus their efforts during the day. Asparagus harvesting robots are also in development.
According to experts, these early successes signal a new frontier for agriculture, especially in greenhouses. As the technology advances, harvesting robots are expected to expand to open field farming as well.
Optimizing Inputs Through Data
In addition to automating physical tasks, AI and machine learning can optimize farming operations by crunching data. For example, researchers in Canada have developed a portable scanner that uses AI algorithms to assess the real-time nutritional needs of potato plants based on their petiole nutrient levels. This takes the guesswork out of fertilizer application, allowing for more targeted use that reduces waste and environmental impact.
Emerging startups are taking a similar high-tech approach. Companies like Zordi are using AI and robots to control greenhouse environments and growth factors like water and lighting with extreme precision for crops like strawberries. Machine learning monitors the fruit through its lifecycle and makes automatic adjustments to optimize quality and yields.
The Future of Sustainable Farming
While still in its early days, AI farming is proving to be especially promising for sustainable agriculture. According to experts, AI finally provides the tools needed to parse the massive amounts of climate, soil, and other data that influence crop growth and yields. This empowers farmers to be much smarter about inputs like water and pesticides by applying them only when and where needed.
The automation of farming tasks through AI and robots also allows for more localized food production. Startups are building urban greenhouses that can provide fresh crops year-round without the carbon emissions of cross-country shipping. When combined with renewable energy sources like solar and wind, farms can significantly reduce their environmental impact.
No technology comes without risks. But by taking over routine physical jobs and optimizing complex growing operations, AI and robots are poised to change agriculture for the better. These innovations could allow farmers to produce more bountiful, nutritious crops in a sustainable way, even as labor pools shrink and climate change progresses. While still evolving, AI may prove to be the most important advancement in agriculture since the invention of the plow.